Prevention

Preventive odontolgy

Preventive odontology, part of odontology is the science that deals with the study and knowledge of the oral environment and microbiological and immunological implications in disease prevention. Also, a good preventive odontolgy is one that achieves and maintains an environment free from microbes during any dental procedure on a patient. This includes, among others, dental office, dental instruments, dental equipment or, without going any further, sterile gloves. In health promotion are encouraged active role of the patient, which must worry about maintaining optimal oral hygiene.

  • Fluoridation

This is the procedure for applying topical fluoride on the teeth in order to prevent the onset of cavities. Fluoride increases the resistance of tooth enamel to acids produced by plaque bacteria, the source of decay.

  • Cleaning of mouth

It is the process that removes tartar from teeth and external pigmentation. Also called oral hygiene. Tartar is a material that forms in the mouth and sticks to the teeth, preferably in the neck area, and is constituted by plaque debris, bacteria, calcium, etc.. This is an unsightly tartar and gum irritation and promotes the development of periodontal disease.

  • Sealed fissures

Sealants are chemicals that act as a physical barrier preventing bacteria and food debris from entering the pits and fissures and preventing tooth decay caused by bacteria. Especially suitable for children.

Conservative odontology

Conservative and restorative odontology allows us to prevent, stop and cure tooth decay in all its phases, from the least to the greatest destruction of tooth tissue. Tooth decay can slightly affect tooth structure, destroying only the enamel or progress to more severe stages, invading deeper tissues such as dentin or pulp.

  • Filling/obturation.

Procedure for restoring the anatomy of a tooth by placing the material aesthetic composite resins or amalgam tooth cavity prepared specifically.

  • Reconstruction.

Procedure for restoring the anatomy of a tooth and the magnitude, complication or extension beyond the typical fillings, which is called reconstruction. The patient shows extensive damage to a tooth decay affects more than one side or top, or a fracture, or has been endodontically, etc., In this case is made with composite or amalgam the silver.

  • Pulp Capping .

Procedure by which a zone covers and insulates the dentin close to the pulp, affects or not reversible pulpitis. After dental trauma or during cleaning of a deep cavity, may be an area of ​​limited dentin close to the pulp and allowing us to think that it will lead to irreversible pulpitis (inflammation unrecoverable) otherwise protected favored the growth of secondary dentin repair.

Periodontics

It is the medical-surgical specialty of odontology that studies the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and conditions that affect the tissues that support and periodontal dental organs implanted substitutes for the maintenance of health, function and aesthetics of teeth and adjacent tissues.

Most common treatments in periodontics:

  • Curettage

The periodontal treatment curettage are performed when there is accumulation of subgingival plaque (below the gum), with the purpose of scaling which is located on the root surface (tooth root) leaving it clean, smooth, eliminating periodontal pockets and allowing the gum again firmly adhere to the tooth. The main reasons for which the patient usually consults are bleeding from the gums, mobility of teeth, sensitivity, etc..

  • Surgery periodontal or to flap surgery.

Periodontal surgical procedure for the treatment of periodontal disease. It is the most used, since solves 80% of problems are resolved in the surgical phase. This technique aims to: eliminate pockets, regenerate and gain entry.

  • Bone Regeneration

The Plasma Rich in Growth Factors (PRGF) is a factor that mainly helps prevent bone loss eg after an extraction or jaw cyst intervention which would otherwise be “holes”. With the PRGF helping fill these cavities that there is adequate bone can regenerate “a posteriori” place implants with a correct bony base.

Another way is to use bone regeneration biomaterials, biocompatible products that are placed on the jawbone trying to get their feedback and restore the existing defect. The best known material is hydroxyapatite, but there are many products with similar characteristics.

Treatment

Endodontics

Endodontics or root canal treatment is the process that removes the pulp of a tooth affected, damaged or dead and sealed the duct. The pulp is deep in the tooth and contains blood vessels and nerves, reaching the central part of the tooth root and communicating with the jawbone. Endodontics can be classified into three types:

  • Unirradicular when affecting a single tooth having a root and therefore one pulp canal.
  • Birradicular when affecting a tooth having two roots and two ducts why pulp.
  • Polirradicular when affecting a tooth that has more than two roots and thus several pulp canals.

 Prosthesis

A dental prosthesis is an artificial element intended to restore the anatomy of one or more teeth, restoring also the relationship between the jaws, while the vertical dimension returns, and resets both natural dentition and periodontal structures.

Person in charge for design, develop and manufacture these devices or artificial elements, is the dental technician, who does his work in a dental laboratory receiving the instructions of dentist working in clinic.

  • Fixed Prosthesis.

Taking prosthesis are supported solely on the teeth.
Crown: A crown is a restoration of a particular tooth. The crowns are placed on the patient’s natural tooth that has been previously cut, as if it were a cover.

  • Removable prosthesis.

Are those that the patient can removed from his mouth and can place it by itself.

Complete removable denture resin: Known for common people as dentures false. Are performed when the patient has no teeth.

Partial removable denture resin: is performed when the patient has some residual tooth, that will contribute to the retention of the prosthesis. Often used as temporaries.

Metal dentures: Also known as skeletal. Are performed when the patient still retains some natural teeth, by casting a metal structure on which the teeth are made from the gum and reconstructions are acrylic resin.

Pedodontics

The Pedodontics or Pediatric Dentistry is a specialty of odontology that provides preventive and therapeutic oral health care for children and adolescents, including those who require special care.

  • Pulpotomy.

Is the treatment of the pulp of deciduous teeth with deep caries presenting retraction pulp without clinical symptoms or radiographic or pulpitis (inflammation) coronary.

  • Preformed coronet.

Are crowns (covers) total coating stamped made ​​in non-precious materials. In primary teeth are indicated in cases of extensive decay, to prevent recurrent decay, to obtain a high occlusal vertical dimension replenish, as a pillar of a space maintainer after debilitating tooth pulp treatments, and dental fractures.

  • Apicoformación.

They are the treatment of a permanent tooth whose root or roots are not fully formed and necrotic pulp tissue, in order to get root formation is completed and get a cap for after endodontic treatment. The tooth discoloration, darkening, or is pain to hot and cold stimuli on a decayed tooth. There may be a history of trauma to the tooth or performing a restoration of the tooth is not recovered. In many cases it does not hurt and the carious lesion and the pulp has affected irreversibly. In many cases diagnosed radiologically and in a casual manner.

  • Space maintainer.

Is a device that is placed primarily in children, in order to prevent the teeth from moving forward to occupy the space of the missing tooth or teeth. These devices should: keep space for long enough until the eruption of permanent teeth, not to interfere with the process of change tooth, prevent extrusion of the antagonists, allow the eruption of permanent teeth and restore function and aesthetics.

Digital radiology unit

Radiology digitized

Radiology, better known by X-ray is the oldest medical imaging and used today. For nearly a century, medical images are created by passing a small dose of radiation through the body. The images are produced on a photographic plate by shadows and reflections produced radiation passing through the body.

Digital Radiology is the evolutionary step of Radiology. As occurs in the picture photographic film is replaced by a device that captures images in digital form. This change brings the advantage that the images can be optimized in digital form, eliminating the need for repeated exposure and therefore lowering the radiation dose received by the patient.

  • radiograph periapicales

The intraoral periapical radiography techniques, also called retrodentarias retroalveolar or serve to explore the tooth in its entirety, from the crown to the apex, the periodontal space and surrounding bone tissue.

  • orthopantomography

Panoramic radiograph shows all the oral structures that takes place in a specific device called ortopantomógrafo. This technique allows simultaneous and comparative study of the two joints, the ascending branches and all the arches alveolodentales. Its role in dental diagnosis, not only the teeth but also the maxilla and mandible, is essential. Without the orthopantomography the dentist lose a great help in most of the specialties of their field. Practically it is used routinely in dentistry, getting to be a routine diagnostic tool.

  • teleradiography of skull

The skull Cephalometric lateral radiographic projection is parallel to the median plane of the skull and neck. This type of imaging is used to evaluate the entire head and shows the anteroposterior positions and lower exceeded objects or injuries that affect the bone structures. Often used for orthodontics, prosthetics and jaw surgery. Also used to obtain soft tissue profiles of patients and cephalometric measurements.

  • Cephalometry

It is the name given to measures obtained from the human skull, usually made ​​by radiographs. The cephalometric also has utility in the development of diagnostics and control assessments and cephalometric odontología.La aftercare is, along with dental models, one of the main diagnostic tools ortodoncia.La cephalometry is performed on a path obtained from the tracing of fundamental lines of a lateral face, obtained from the patient, according to certain rules that allow us to standardize the results and compare them with normal patterns.

Aesthetic Unit

Aesthetic Odontology

Cosmetic dentistry is a specialty of odontology that addresses problems related to oral health and aesthetic harmony of the mouth in its entirety. The term aesthetics from the etymological point of view, aesthesis, (aesthetic) derives from the Greek word perception. One could define cosmetic odontology as an application of art and science designed to develop or highlight the beauty in a smile.

  • Teeth Whitening by photoactivation or cold light

The main mission photoactivation lamp in the hardening process of the bleaching agent consists of the activation, by light energy, photoinitiators chemical compounds present in the formulation of the material itself, which trigger the chemical reaction product transformation initial desired in the final product.

  • Aesthetics of porcelain veneers.

The aesthetic facet is a procedure that restores a predominantly aesthetic front end of a tooth, usually the previous group. In this case the aesthetic restoration is performed with porcelain veneers made ​​outside the mouth. This treatment has an indication primarily aimed at solving aesthetic:

– Dental staining,
– Alterations in the form of teeth,
– Alterations in the enamel,
– Alterations in the arrangement of the teeth,
– Diastema closure (separations), etc..

  • Zirconium Crowns.

The crowns or porcelain veneers are, as the name suggests, a full coverage of the tooth that simulates all coronary anatomy. Its thickness ranges from 1-1.8 mm. Can be fabricated only with porcelain, or with a core of another material to give more consistency, and more recently as metal zirconium.

Zirconium oxide (zirconia), is the most advanced material used in fixed prosthesis without metal, possessing extraordinary hardness and resistance is considered the material of choice for dental prosthetic treatments and rehabilitation

The aesthetics of the finished ceramic on zirconium in the laboratory reaches perfection because without the metal of conventional prostheses, light barriers and it is not reflected in a completely natural way.

Orthodontics

Orthodontics is a science that deals with the study, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of abnormal shape, position, relation and function of the dentofacial structures; still pursue the art of preventing, diagnosing and correcting any possible changes and keep them within an optimal state of health and harmony through the use and control of different types of forces.

  • fixed Orthodontics

Fixed Orthodontics is one that can not be removed by the patient.
Referring to the pieces, usually metal brackets, which are subject to the teeth to support the arch dental displacement occurs.

  • Ortodoncia removible

Removable Orthodontics is anchored to the teeth and can be removed without help of odontologist.

Indicated in certain types of cases and limited tooth movement or to change the growth can be removed for eating or for cleaning.
In many cases removable appliance is used as support fixed after orthodontic treatment with fixed or brackets.

What it is used for removable orthodontics? Where it is intended to correct impaired breathing and / or swallowing, etc.. It is also used to expand the jaws, to make room for future permanent teeth, straighten teeth, close open bites, among other examples

  • Sapphire Brackets.

Sapphire brackets are invisible brackets due to the transparency of the sapphire crystal that is cloaked in the color of the tooth and is characterized by aesthetic brackets of the highest quality available for cosmetic orthodontic treatment.

  • Retention apparatus

When the treatment finishes placing a holding apparatus whose mission is to keep the pieces in position that has been reached without causing movement. It makes taking impressions and sent to a laboratory for the development of orthodontic appliance.

Maxilogacial Unit

Surgical Interventions 

MINOR SURGERY

  • frenectomies.

TOP: A surgical procedure by which you remove a flange (frenulum) that connects the lip and gum, and affects tooth position, prosthetic or a lip mobility. The most common is the correction of the upper labial frenulum to solve a diastema (gap) interincisal higher.

BOTTOM: A surgical procedure by which you remove a flange (frenulum) that connects the tongue or lower lip to the gum and tooth position affects, prosthetic or lingual or labial mobility. The most common is the correction of lingual frenulum to solve a problem of ankyloglossia (birth defect in which the lingual frenulum is too short or is in the wrong position, limiting the free movement of the tongue and sometimes difficult food, language or causing problems in the teeth, in the most severe cases).

  • Gingival abscess drainage / paradontales.

El procedimiento quirúrgico se lleva a cabo mediante la apertura de un absceso (acumulación delimitada de pus en un tejido orgánico) al anotar y romper bridas para facilitar la salida de sus contenidos, gérmenes y sustancias nocivas con el fin de mejorar el medio ambiente favoreciendo la oxigenación.

  • apicectomies.

Apicectomía means resection (removal) surgical transmaxillary via (through the jaw) of a focus (the infected) periapical (area surrounding the tooth root) and apex tooth (tooth root). That is, is the surgical removal of the root of the tooth and surrounding tissue to be infected.

SURGERY PREPROSTHETIC

Preprosthetic Oral surgery is the area of ​​oral and maxillofacial surgery that includes all those techniques or surgical procedures whose purpose is to train hard and soft tissues (bone and gum) for proper placement and lasting dentures.

ORTHODONTIC SURGERY

  • Surgical-orthodontic treatment (fenestration).

Following third molar (wisdom teeth), canines are the teeth most frequently present problems of eruption, or fail to erupt being included in the bone. The canine teeth are especially important in the dental arch, being strong teeth, mouth that direct the movement of occlusion, so that should make all procedures to obtain its eruption.

The eruption of the canine inclusive tour requires a coordinated treatment between oral surgeon and orthodontist. The surgeon should perform a small window in the gum (fenestration) that allows the orthodontist to place a bracket (orthodontic bracket) to pull the tooth to the arcade. Previously, the orthodontist will make space for the tooth in the arch with orthodontic appliances, which in turn serve as a fulcrum for the movement of traction.

Dental Implant

  • osseointegrated implant.

The implant is a screw made ​​of pure titanium that has been subjected to a special surface treatment to ensure the bone osteointegration (direct connection between the bone and the implant surface). It is a medical prosthesis adapted to be implanted in the human body and therefore subject to the most severe health checks from its manufacture to the patient positioning.

It is a precision piece, designed to withstand very large forces, such as those made by the jaws in the process of chewing and must meet perfect machining conditions as to fit your head with prosthetic parts to be placed on it, so that there is no clearance between them.

  • Guided implant surgery.

Implant surgery is guided by computer. Such surgery is based on implant rehabilitation plan of a patient, in the same virtual model is obtained from a dental scanner.
From that planning and by manufacturing surgical splints that will serve as? Template?, Surgery develops a minimally invasive way.

It is possible to load the implant-supported fixed dental prostheses in the same time to finish the surgery (immediate loading of implants).
Guided surgery enables implant treatment even in patients with significant maxillary bone atrophy.

  • Prosthesis on implants.

Prostheses are that dental implants are held in
Implant-supported fixed prostheses: are fixed prosthesis may be cemented or screwed to the implant.

Pathology of the temporomandibular joint

It is the joint between the temporal bone and the mandible. Is actually two joints, one at each side of the head, which operate synchronously. It is the only movable joint between the bones of the head.

The temporomandibular joint allows functional movements of the mouth needed for feeding and speech. When a dysfunction of this articulation is limited mobility mouth. The most common alterations are the temporomandibular joint syndrome, fractures, dislocations / subluxations, bruxism and arthritis, which typically produce pain, swelling, limitation of joint mobility and muscle imbalance.

  • bruxism

It is a condition that consists of grinding or teeth tightly together upper and lower pressure on the muscles, tissues and other structures surrounding the jaw which can lead to this:

– Joint Pain
– Inflammation
– Headache
– Earache
– Damage to teeth

Treatment aims to reduce pain, prevent permanent dental damage and reduce this behavior to the fullest. Dental treatment is the use of night splints or plates also required physiotherapy treatment for complete treatment of the joint.